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会计、金融作业代写assignment澳洲
发表日期:2013-06-19 09:02:42 | 来源:assignment.cc | 当前的位置:首页 > 代写assignment > 澳洲assignment代写 > 正文
Compare and contrast recycling in Australia and ChinaIntroductionAs the economic and social development, more waste exists in the forms of gas, liquid, and solid. More and more countries in the world began to take this matter into consideration seriously, because the pollution caused by waste will hinder the further economic development, meanwhile, the waste could be as another kind of resources to make contributions to the society in the recycling way.Compare and contrast recycling development in Australia and ChinaThe compare and contrast study on the recycling in Australia and China will give a way to get further information. As a developed country, Australia always cares about the circumstance on recycling ranging over the legislation to the implementation plan in details every year (Environment Protection and Heritage Council, 2010). China, as a developing country, also does best to protect environment and make best use of recycling with the slogan that is while developing, circumstantial management implements simultaneously and the policy and actions in details.1. From the perspective of compareBy means of compare, many common characteristics can be drawn. However, three points are taken to prove the similarity on the recycling between Australia and China.(1) The policy guide adoptedBoth Australia and China considered the recycling seriously and the policy guide adopted by both governments are in common. In Australia, national waste policy guide is “less waste, more resources” (Environment Protection and Heritage Council, 2010), in addition with the annual implementation plan made by Australian government. Chinese government makes a technology policy compendium on comprehensive usage of resources which holds boosting the technology innovation, popularizing advanced suitable technique, and enhance the efficiency on resource utilization as guiding ideology (Chinese Natioanl Development and Reform Commission, 2010).(2) The consciousness on the importance of recycling in the two countriesA few years ago, a rule which called plastic-bag-restriction came into enforcement in China as people need to take bags instead of obtaining plastic bags freely from markets or merchants. At the same time, the new technique creativity accelerates productivity and raises the confidence on the waste disposal in recycling way which turns plastic drinking bottles (Charlotte, 2007) into compound floor boards. According to the implementation plan 2010 made by Australia government, Australian markets should be improved in the waste definition and classification, further with local technology and innovation applying. Some data will show that over half of total generated waste had been recycled as following:Source: Australian Environment Protection and Heritage Council, 2009(3) The extensive recycling and its products market With the guide on the recycling adopted by both governments, the extensive recycling products market is shown as the raising profit made from the potential waste resource application. As metioned in the National Waste Overview 2009, the recycling and waste market in Australia in 2006 was estimated ranging from 7 billion to 11.5 billion Australian dollar (Environment Protection and Heritage Council, 2009). This will be 1.2 percents of the 2006-2007 GDP in Australia (Environment Protection and Heritage Council, 2009). The tax reduction and exemption in China pour the vigor into the recycling products market, especially those companies in manufacturing segment and the supply chain. Those actions and policy cut down the waste pollution degree and enhance the new growth point.2. From the perspective of contrastThe advantage method and technology, even the serious attitude and strategies arrangement in Australia should provide China a different perspective thinking way.However, the impediment factors which lay ahead of China will not be ignored. The high speed both on the aspects of economy development and population growth will be the first protective screen ( Beukering and Pieter, 2001). The lagging technique innovation (Qi Gu, 2010) on the recycling as the second block to break through also hinders the improvement. The education on recycling is the key guiding direction for the future recycling expansion. Nevertheless, as following, three features chosen will be explained. (1) The standard difference International definitions of waste and relative concepts are accepted by the Australia government. The application of international standard is the target implementation plan of Australia (Environment Protection and Heritage Council, 2010). However, Chinese government lacks the corresponding standards in details to differentiate the waste and its being. The criterion deficiency and insufficiency will retard the developing speed of potential waste usage. Chinese government should take the waste classification catelogy into practice layer, not the guide or the less sentence giving this defination. (2) Landfill management and waste burningAustralian government take biodegradable waste (Rosie and Sally, 2002) to landfill management with planed phasing down the amount, in addition caring about the safety and health risks probability. Australia also take the outpouring estimating system on the landfill of waste disposal and other waste undertaking which will be under the framework of Carbon pollution Reduction Scheme.China has adopted landfill management without consideration on the detailed measurement of the waste. As many landfill places become crowded and overloaded, more and more local governments began applying the waste burning technique to digest the continual growing volume waste. (3) Contrast on the implementation planAustralian government make a whole and complete implementation plan on disposal of waste and recycling with the outlook, benchmark and milestone should be achieved. The strategies for perfecting the national waste policy are also stated in details with the outcome of the policy will be produced which is less waste, more resources.In the contrary, Chinese government does not make an efficient and effective plan or guild on recycling. Instead, the details instructions which focus on special areas and sectors are made in the informal way of regulation and licensing. ConclusionIn general, the compare and contrast study on the recycling in Australia and China gives us a view on the characteristics in common and in their own way. The outlook of recycling improvement both on Australia and China is to implement the basic slogan as less waste, more resource. There is still a long way to achieve the goals and many efforts should be paid to accomplish that goals.ReferenceAustralia Environment Protection and Heritage Council, 2010. The Implemetation Plan 2010, Availbable at: http://www.ephc.gov.au/sites/default/files/WasteMgt__National_Waste_Policy_Implementation_Plan_Final_201007.pdf attached at 11th Sep.2010Australia Environment Protection and Heritage Council, 2009. National Waste Overview 2009 - November 2009, Available at: http://www.ephc.gov.au/sites/default/files/WasteMgt_Nat_Waste_Overview_PRINT_ver_200911.pdf, attached at 12th Sep.2010Beukering, Pieter van, 2001. “Plastics Recycling in China: An International Life Cycle Approach”, Paper W99/05, Institute for Environmental Studies, IVM, Amsterdam.Charlotte Wilcox, 2007. Recycling, Lerner PublicationsChinese National Development and Reform Commission, 2010. Technology Policy Compendium on Comprehensive Usage of Resources, Available at: http://www.crra.org.cn/listDetail.aspx?INAC_PID=INACID200809021508408171&INAR_ID=ARID201008051606488546&INAC_ID=INACID200809271654114760, attached at 11th Sep. 2010Qi Gu, 2010. Elegant Retreat to the Old Technology, The Resource Recycling magazine, 2010(08), Beijing.Rosie Harlow, Sally Morgan, 2002. Garbage and Recycling, Kingfisher.