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代写paper,Novel Conflict Alex
发表日期:2013-09-13 08:28:20 | 来源:assignment.cc | 当前的位置:首页 > 代写paper > 正文


Novel Conflict Alex
Book Review: Smaller and Smaller Circle
I. Critical Analysis of Plot Structure
The novel starts with Father Emil running. The mood set is that of agitation and disturbance. As the novel progresses, one will eventually also see the pattern: that each of the characters are figuratively running from a traumatic past, an experience or a memory. Interspersed in the story are a few paragraphs which describe and imply a particular character's conflict with the self. Their conflict involves either denying or covering up the characters' whereabouts or past experiences. The whole novel itself, being of the murder-mystery type, involves chasing, concealing information, uncovering secrets and solving ambiguities.
Alex, the murderer, kills children and eviscerates their bodies as a way to cope and fight against a traumatic experience in the past. He strives to run away and break free from this bitter past by destroying and getting rid of the children who remind him of his unpleasant experiences, and whom he perceives as witnesses to his shame and suffering. The dehumanizing removal of their faces, hearts, and genitals not only echoes his desire to be rid of the parts of himself he perceived to be the cause of his suffering, but also seems to speak of how dehumanized he felt after his childhood ordeal.
Attorney Arcinas, in the same vein, tries so hard to have a life which is completely different and far better than the life his parents had given him. At present, his behaviors are manifestations of his denial of his past and his attempt to disassociate himself from the status he used to have in society.
Joana, the journalist, in spite of working for the truth has a secret of her own to conceal. She has an affair with a married man; this readily lends itself to humor when we consider how her penchant for going under cover turns up in, of all places, the bedroom!
On the other hand, the keys to clearing the cloud that seems to envelope the true relationship of the two protagonists, Father Jerome and Father Saenz are left quite obviously for the readers to discover by themselves, albeit upon either the second or third re-reading; these will be discussed more thoroughly later.
In connection with the characters' attempt to deny and run away, the author also uses the image of the rain to symbolize the attempts or the efforts of the characters to wash themselves, and to bring new life - water - to what seemed to have been enveloped by hopelessness and despair - trauma and unfavorable circumstances in the case of both Joana's affair and the plight of the families of the victims.
The point of view in the story shifts throughout the plotfrom the omniscient third person to a first person, which is that of the killer's point of view, and then back again. In connection with this, the murderer's monologues aim to level him with the omniscient narrator's view, creating an aura of power, and even fear for the sake of the other characters in the story.
The author uses dreams and recollections/flashbacks vis--vis direct narration by the omniscient narrator.
The novel ends with an impending conflict that the reader deems will have a great impact on the two lead characters. Again, as the case of the murders is solved, so there must also be a need to uncover and shed light on a matter (the very probable more-than-friendship relations between Fr. Jerome and Fr. Saenz) that is insinuated through out the story.
The plot in the story develops through the complex interaction of the characters with one another. The main conflict in the story, the serial killings, stems from a distorted relationship between mentor (PE teacher) and student (Alex); similarly, the protagonists (Fr. Jerome and Fr. Saenz) who are tasked upon to solve the cases also exhibit an extraordinary bond between them. The relationship among the characters leads them to commit actions that drive the development of the plot.
Alex's parents play the key role of revealing his traumatic past, which is what drives him to commit the murders. The differential power relations between some of the characters also drive the plot; this is seen in the case of the (NBI) Director's exertion of power over Arcinas, which puts the quest of the two protagonists to solve the murders back in track. Additionally, this time around they can be in control of things.
II. Critical Analysis of Characters
Father Saenz provides the epitome of a good mentor - one who is a good example to his student - his remaining calm during traffic jams in particular and situations which require patience and understanding in general comes to mind - especially by taking good care of and respecting his parishioners, even to the point of avoiding contact with them outside of mass in order to maintain their professional relationship.. He also tries hard to abstain from sexual fantasies or acts, such as the time when he didn't take advantage of the lady-dentist's flirting. His character is completely in contrast to that of Alex's PE teacher, who lets his perversion lead him to take sexual advantage of his students.
Father Jerome, unlike Alex, possesses high regard for his mentor, Father Saenz. He respects him not only because he is his teacher, but also because the two of them have become very good friends. If Alex loathes his teacher, even to the point of killing him, Fr. Jerome cares very much for the life of Fr. Saenz; this is very evident during the confrontation scene between Alex and Fr. Saenz, wherein Fr. Jerome exhibits concern so extreme it surprises Atty. Arcinas.
Attorney Arcinas represents the dysfunctional system of government agencies in the Philippines. Driven by his selfish motivations and greed, he grabs every opportunity he can to benefit himself, be it to his finances or his reputation. He doesn't care if he is really able to function as a defender of the law and of the people, rich or poor as they may be. Fortunately, his powers are clipped by an authority figure, the Director, who knows what Arcinas is really up to and sets him straight.
Joana, for her part, represents as an individual what the media is as an institution: persistent in its quest for truth, but just as full of anomalies, controversies, and lies within its walls. In the case of Joana, her passion for journalism and determination to uncover the truth exist vis--vis her being involved in a secret and forbidden love affair. Moreover, even if the reader gets impressed with her strong desire to uncover the truth behind the murders, s/he may be appalled by her intrusion on the relationship of the two priests.
Alex, although characterized as a murderer, may also be seen as a victim himself. As an adolescent, he is molested by a person who should've been like his second parent. He is a brilliant student, responsible and respected in school, but because of what happens between him and his PE teacher, his view of himself and of the world changes from bright to dim. His parents, on the other hand, aren't able to do anything for him with regard to what he is experiencing in school. He becomes embittered by his trauma and eventually turns angry, displacing this feeling on innocent children. He then becomes a victim of his own self, particularly his despair and wrath.
III. Critical Analysis of Themes
Taking into consideration the context of the setting of the novel, an emerging theme is that serial killers are not a stranger to the Philippine society and it is not something that should be taken lightly. This revelation of an issue creates a concern within and around us. It makes us realize the reality of the statement and it triggers certain emotions which may result in our being more vigilant.
Another emerging theme is that of pain: Pain transcends time and space, and it can be shared with others. This concept was blatantly expressed within the story through the life of the killer. During childhood, he experienced pain, suffering and humiliation that he wasn't able to escape and resolve. This pain showed itself through his emotions of anger and thoughts of violence. He constantly feels the pain and is consistently reminded of the horrors he experienced before. He shares this pain to others through his behavior: hurting, killing, and doing to others what has been done to him.
Yet another theme deals with the truth. Even if the truth is, most of the time, absolute, it may also be manipulated by people. For example, this is evident in Arcinas' attempt to present to the media a bogus suspect in place of the true murderer who still remains at large. This move of Arcina's serves as one of the conflicts in the novel.
Manipulation of truth may also take the form of using it either to benefit or destroy other people. The two lead characters used the truth to bring justice to the bereaved families of the victims. On the other hand, Joana plans to reveal the truth, or at least the perceived truth, for the benefit of her career.
Still another theme in the story points to the significance of context with regard to the behavior of people. The environment impinges upon the individual so that one cannot fully claim that a person is inherently good or bad. In the case of Alex, his traumatic experience during his adolescence greatly contributes to his abnormal behavior. Although this does not justify the killings he commits, it goes to show that a person must not be judged using his personality as basis. One must also take into consideration the experiences and events that molded him/ her to what he/ she has become.
The novel also illustrates the vulnerability of humans. It acknowledges the fact that people, no matter what vocation or career they pursue, are still capable of making mistakes, intentionally or unintentionally. Arcinas, although a lawyer, does not really work for justice; Joana also has ulterior motives in getting and knowing the truth; Fr. Jerome also gets angry just like any other person.
The title itself, Smaller and Smaller Circles, alludes to the fact - discussed above and reiterated here for clarity's sake - that truth, although it may be subjected to manipulation, will eventually be revealed. No matter how complex the information have become because of attempts to twist the truth, with careful analysis and persistence one will arrive at the core of the truth.
IV. Critical Analysis of Language and Style
The author uses simple descriptions to illustrate the setting and set the mood in each of the scenes in the story. The novel stimulates the formation of a vivid imagery on the part of the reader, since the author attempts to tap not only a single sensory modality when describing a particular scene or event. In spite of richness in descriptions, comprehension of the text comes relatively at ease. The words, in spite of their simplicity in structure - not highfaluting at all - elicit the desired effect since they are put into context and combined with supporting data by the author (e.g. unwholesome air, maggots in it [body]).
Comparison and contrast are also utilized by Batacan as tools to develop the themes in the novel. As mentioned in the analysis of the characters, the implied contrast between Fr. Saenz and Alex's teacher serves as a justification for Alex's excessive wrath. The positive characteristics of Fr. Saenz as a mentor becomes more salient as he is put side by side with Alex's teacher, and this in turn justifies Jerome's high regard and respect for his mentor- friend. Internal contrast is also evident in the character of Joana who strives for the revelation of truth while she herself conceals a dark secret.
It is also interesting to note that the element of intrigue is instilled in the story through the manipulation of the characters, particularly Fr. Saenz and Fr. Jerome. The fact that these two characters are priests makes it ironic that they are involved in solving the murder cases - a very physical aspect of life - when they are commonly associated with the spiritual needs of the people.
Beside this, the extraordinary bond or even possibly romantic relationship - hinted at through the powerful and meaningful lines used by the author to convey her message, although stated in terms which leave enough room for the reader to imagine and give his/her own interpretation of the text - which exists between the two becomes a juicier topic because they are men of cloth. Indeed, the two men have an extraordinary rapport that goes far beyond any mentor student relationship; textual details abound. Here are a few:
The two men have an extraordinary rapport that goes far beyond any mentor student relationship. Although the two men have been more different in character and temperament, they now find themselves on either end of a baffling mutual affinity (p 22.).
Again the inexplicable rapport between the two men as Saenz glances up at him (p. 125).
It isn't Gus' job to get killed The younger priest's voice seems terribly loud to his own ears, and Arcinas blinks once or twice as though startled..... Impatiently and with violence that he never would have thought he possessed, Jerome pushes the lawyer aside and starts running. (p. 150).
Another, less controversial device utilized by Batacan to help create an affinity in the reader for the characters is the narration of simple, everyday tasks. This not only firmly sets the tale in the modern world, but also allows the reader to connect with the characters on a mundane basis; certainly we can't all relate to a detective priest's passion for forensics, but when that passion is interrupted by a craving for fast food we all find ourselves knowing what it's like to be in his shoes.
That said, it is reasonable to conclude that Batacan manages to introduce a genre almost entirely alien to our culture without turning off her readers. Her simple yet engrossing prose entices us, making us crave for more; however, a search for Philippine literature made in the same vein ultimately proves futile, leaving us to drift in smaller and smaller circles towards repeated readings of Batacan's magnum opus - hence the detection of homosexual undertones.
同样,试图检察Arcinas ,很难有自己的生活,这是完全不同的,远不如他的父母给了他生命。目前,他的行为,他否认他的过去和他的企图撇清自己的状态,他有社会的表现。
与人物的企图否认和逃跑,笔者也使用雨的形象象征的企图或努力洗自己的字符,并带来新的生命 - 水 - 什么似乎已经绝望和绝望 - 创伤和Joana的外遇和遇难者家属的困境的情况下,在不利的情况下所笼罩。
笔者采用的梦想和回忆/倒叙VIS - VIS直接无所不知的叙事旁白。
亚历克斯的父母起到的关键作用,揭示了他的创伤的过去,这是什么驱使他犯下的谋杀案。差分的某些字符之间的权力关系也推动了情节,这被看作是在权Arcinas ,将寻求解决的谋杀案的两个主角回到正轨( NBI )董事劳累的情况下。此外,这一次他们可以控制的事情。
父亲萨恩斯提供一个很好的导师 - 谁是一个很好的例子,他的学生的缩影 - 他特别在堵车和一般的耐心和理解的情况下,需要保持冷静,想到的 - 特别是照顾好尊重他教民,甚至避免与他们接触外面的质量,以保持自己的专业关系的角度..他还努力放弃性幻想或行为,如时间,当他没有趁夫人牙医的调情。他的性格完全相反,亚历克斯的体育老师,让他的变态导致他采取他的学生性优势。
亚历克斯的父亲杰罗姆,不像他的导师,父亲萨恩斯方面,具有较高的。他尊重他,不仅因为他是他的老师,而且还因为他们俩已经成为很好的朋友。如果亚历克斯厌恶他的老师,甚至杀害他,神父点。杰罗姆神父的生活非常关心。萨恩斯,这是非常明显的,在亚历克斯和神父之间的对抗场面。萨恩斯,其中FR 。杰罗姆展品关注如此极端惊喜阿蒂。 Arcinas 。
琼娜,她的部分,代表什么媒体是作为一个机构:执着于追求真理作为一个单独的,但一样充满了异常,争议,就在于它的墙壁内。琼娜的情况下,她的激情新闻和决心揭露真相存在VIS - 对她的参与在秘密的和禁止的恋情。此外,即使读者得到的印象与她的强烈愿望谋杀案背后的真相揭开,他/她可能会感到震惊,她的入侵两名神职人员的关系。
III 。批判性分析的主题
小说也说明了人类的脆弱性。它承认这个事实的人,不管什么职业或事业,他们所追求的,仍然可以犯错误,是有意还是无意。一名律师, Arcinas ,虽然并没有真正为正义;琼娜也有别有用心的获取和了解真相; FR 。杰罗姆就像任何其他的人也生气。
上面讨论的标题本身,小的圈子,暗示的事实 - 在这里重申清晰度的缘故 - 真理,虽然它可能会受到操纵,终将显露出来。无论多么复杂,因为信息已经成为企图歪曲事实,认真分析和持久一到达真理的核心。
笔者采用简单的描述来说明设置,并在每个故事中的场景设置的心情。新颖的刺激形成一个生动的图像上的部分读者,笔者试图挖掘不仅是一个单一的感官描述一个特定的场景或事件时。尽管丰富的描述,理解的文字都比较放心。尽管其结构简单 - 不highfaluting - 也就是说,在引发预期的效果,因为它们是投入上下文,结合笔者支持数据(如不健康的空气,蛆[正文] ) 。
这也是有趣的元素的阴谋操纵的人物通过故事中的灌输,尤其是神父。萨恩斯和FR 。杰罗姆。事实上,这两个字符是祭司,具有讽刺意味的是,他们都参与了解决的谋杀案 - 一个非常实际生活的方方面面 - 当他们通常与人的精神需求。
此外,非凡的债券,甚至可能浪漫的关系 - 通过强大的和有意义的线由作者转达她的消息暗示,虽然留下足够的空间给读者想象的条款,并给他/她自己的解释文本 - 这两者之间存在变成一个远大的话题,因为他们是男人布。事实上,两个人都有非凡的默契,远远超出任何导师的师生关系;文本的细节比比皆是。这里有几个:
再次莫名的默契,两人之间的萨恩斯抬头看着他(第125页) 。
它是不是被打死格斯工作的年轻牧师的声音似乎可怕的响亮自己的耳朵, Arcinas闪烁一次或两次,虽然吓了一跳.....杰罗姆不耐烦地说,他从未想过他拥有与暴力,推动律师一边,开始运行。 (第150页) 。
这就是说,它是合理的结论, Batacan管理不关掉她的读者介绍我们的文化几乎完全陌生的一个流派。她简单的还引人入胜的散文引诱我们,使我们更多的渴望;然而,菲律宾文学在同样的搜索,最终证明徒劳的,让我们来漂在小的圈子对反复读数Batacan马格南巨著 - 因此,在检测同性恋的意味。