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代写essay,Stanley Spencer
发表日期:2013-09-20 08:45:49 | 来源:assignment.cc | 当前的位置:首页 > 代写essay > 正文
Was Spencer 'a quaint village innocent' or one of the great British artists of the 20th century?

The aim of this dissertation is to study the life and works of artist Stanley Spencer and answer the question: Was Spencer 'a quaint village innocent' or one of the great British artists of the 20th century?  I shall implement a combination of methodology (following his life and art in episodic order), case studies (a selection of his work throughout his career), socio-historical investigation of his life (comparing Spencer to his peers) and draw conclusions based on my findings.

Stanley Spencer was born in the village of Cookham, Berkshire on 30 June 1891.  His father William was an organist and music teacher. At an early age he developed an interest in art and was enrolled at the Maidenhead Technical Institute before attending Slade School (part of University College London) in 1908.  Four years later he exhibited his first painting John Donne Arriving in Heaven. 

The life that followed involved Spencer participating in the First World War, getting married twice (once to a lesbian), getting divorced, fathering two daughters, becoming an associate of the Royal Academy, being awarded the CBE and then receiving his knighthood.  Throughout his life there remained two constants; his love of the village of his birth, Cookham, and his love of painting.

Spencer’s love of the idyllic country life was evident from his days at Slade School as the other students mocked him by calling him ‘Cookham’ due to the frequent stories of his beloved village, and the fact that he returned home there every day.  This village label remained with him throughout his career and long after his death in 1959.  In the review of his 2001 show at the Tate Britain, art collector and writer Pernilla Holmes wrote that: “Spencer has frequently come across as a quaint village innocent, inextricably tied to small-town England.” Is this a true reflection of the artist’s life and his works?  In this dissertation I shall draw my own conclusions from my research.

The chapters in my dissertation shall mark different stages of Spencer’s life, but each one will include the canvases that he painted at the time:

Chapter One – Spencer at School
Having his early education in a shed at the bottom of his garden with two of his sisters as teachers, the young Spencer was taught traditional family values.  His father was a musician and this helped the young boy develop a love of the arts, something that blossomed with the help of artist Dorothy Bailey.  Attending Slade School was an achievement in itself, but this was then eclipsed by his acceptance into the Royal Academy.  In this chapter I shall look at the early influences on Spencer’s work and his social development.

Chapter Two – Spencer at War
During the First World War Spencer enlisted in the Royal Army Medical Corps working as an orderly at Beaufort Hospital, Bristol from July 1915.  In August 1916 he was posted to Macedonia before joining the Infantry in August 1917.  During the war his paintings of social realism brought home the consequences of battle.  When the Second World War began in 1939, the 47-year old painter was commissioned by the War Artists' advisory committee to paint scenes of shipbuilding at Lithgow's yard, Port Glasgow to boost the nation’s morale. 

Chapter Three – Spencer in Love 
For a man that has been labelled a ‘village innocent’, his love life is almost surreal.  He was married twice, once to a lesbian who threw him out of his house to live with her lover.  During his second marriage he had an affair with artist Daphne Charlton while staying at her (and her husband’s) house.  Spencer’s relationships are certainly and interesting insight into his work:“His discovery of sex, his marriage to Hilda Carline, his polygamous desire for Patricia Preece, his divorce from Hilda, his feeling of terrible loss over Hilda, his estrangement from Patricia, his relative poverty and homelessness (houselessness) - all of these precipitated crises of consciousness of a kind." Spencer always painted portraits of the people who meant most to him and it is intriguing to see how his vision changed not only of his lovers, but also of himself.

Chapter Four – Spencer at the Palace
Sir Stanley Spencer CBE RA Hon. D. Litt. died in 1959 but not before his life was celebrated by various honours, the most significant being his knighthood.  This did not change his personality and it was reported that, like most visionaries: “...Spencer was also a great British eccentric: when he was knighted by the Queen Mother, he took a bottle of milk and some Tate & Lyle sugar cubes in a plastic bag with him for tea.” This chapter will look at the way Spencer was perceived by his public.

Chapter Five – Spencer: Village Innocent or Avant-Garde Genius?
By writing about each period of his life I hope that I have presented his work, his thoughts and his personality enough to answer the titular question; village innocent or avant-garde genius?

Time Plan
I shall be planning to complete this dissertation over three periods.  Period one will be the time I spend sourcing the subject matter.  This will take place in libraries, galleries, on the internet and a trip to Spencer’s home village of Cookham (to the Stanley Spencer Museum).  After collation of the data I shall move onto period two; this will involve reading as much as information as possible and sorting the notes into the corresponding chapters.  The final period will be actually writing the dissertation until I am happy that I can answer the question.

For my research I shall be sourcing various books that deal with Stanley Spencer, his works, his life and his relationships.  The bibliography below lists some of the books I shall need to complete this dissertation:


Alison, Jane [ed.] (1991) Stanley Spencer: The Apotheosis of Love Art Books International
Bell, Keith (1993) Stanley Spencer: A Complete Catalogue of the Works Harry N. Abrams 
Carline, Richard (1978) Stanley Spencer at War Faber and Faber
Cawthorne, Nigel (2004) Sex Lives of the Great Artists Prion Books Ltd
Christian, John [ed.] (1998) The Last Romantics: Romantic Tradition in British Art - Burne-Jones to Stanley Spencer Lund Humphries
Collis, Louise (1972) A Private View of Stanley Spencer Heinemann
Collis, Maurice (1962) Stanley Spencer: A Biography Harvill
Cooper, Emmanuelle (1994) The Sexual Perspective: Homosexuality and Art in the Last 100 Years in the West Routledge
Glew, Adrian, (2001)Stanley Spencer, Letters and Writings, 
Gogarty, Paul (2003) The Water Road: An Odyssey by Narrowboat Through England's Waterways Robson Books Ltd 
Gough, Paul (2006) Stanley Spencer: Journey to Burghclere Sansom & Company
Hauser, Kitty (2001) Stanley Spencer Princeton University Press
Hyman, Timothy & Wright, Patrick [eds.] (2001) Stanley Spencer Tate Publishing
Hayes, Colin (1964) The Scrapbook drawings of Stanley Spencer Lion & Unicorn
Little, Frank & Patrizio A., (1994) Canvassing the Clyde; Stanley Spencer & the ShipyardsGlasgow Museums
Lofthouse, Richard A. (2005) Vitalism in Modern Art C 1900-1950: Otto Dix, Stanley Spencer, Max Beckmann and Jacob Epstein Edwin Mellen Press
MacCarthy, Fiona Stanley (1998) Spencer: An English Vision Yale University Press
Neale, Hannah (2002) Stanley Spencer: Love, Desire, Faith Abbot Hall Art Gallery
Nesbitt, Judith (1992) Stanley Spencer: A Sort of Heaven Tate Publishing
Pople, Kenneth (1996) Stanley Spencer: A Life HarperCollins 
Pryor, William [ed.] (2006) Cookham and Gwen: The Complete Correspondence Between Sir Stanley Spencer and Gwen Raverat Clear Press Ltd
Rapport, Nigel (2003) I Am Dynamite: An Andean Anthropology of Power Routledge
Roberts, Miquette (2001) Stanley Spencer – Notes for Teachers Tate Publishing
Robinson, Duncan (1990) Stanley Spencer Phaidon Press
Rothenstein, Elizabeth (1962) Stanley Spencer Beaverbrook Newspapers
Rothenstein, Sir John [ed.] (1979) Stanley Spencer the Man: Correspondence and Reminiscences Elek
Spencer, Gilbert (1991) Stanley Spencer by his Brother Gilbert Redcliffe Press
Spencer, Stanley (2001) Stanley Spencer: Letters and Writings Tate Publishing
Spencer, Stanley (2002) Men of the Clyde: Stanley Spencer's Vision at Port Glasgow National Galleries of Scotland
Spencer, Stanley (1983) A Chatto & Windus Almanack Chatto & Windus
Thomas, Alison & Wilcox, Timothy [eds.] (1999) Hilda Carline: The Real Mrs. StanleySpencerLund Humphries 
Wilenski, Reginald Howard (1951) Stanley Spencer: Resurrection Pictures Fabe


本论文的目的是研究斯坦利斯宾塞艺术家的生平和作品,并回答这个问题:是斯宾塞的一个古朴的村庄无辜'或20世纪伟大的英国艺术家之一?我将实现相结合的方法(他的生活和艺术的情节顺序) ,基于案例研究(选择整个职业生涯中,他的工作) ,社会历史调查他的生活(斯宾塞他的同龄人比较) ,并得出结论我的发现。
涉及斯宾塞参加第一次世界大战之后的生活,结婚两次(一次一个女同志) ,闹离婚,父亲的两个女儿,成为皇家学院的联营公司,被授予CBE ,然后接受他的爵位。在他的生活中仍然存在两个常数;他出生的村庄,位于Cookham他的爱,他酷爱绘画。
斯宾塞的田园诗般的乡村生活的热爱是显而易见的,从他的天在斯莱德学校其他学生嘲笑他,称他位于Cookham “由于频繁的故事,他心爱的村,而事实上,他回到家里天天有。这个村庄标签保持与他的整个职业生涯,并于1959年去世后,他的长。在他2001年的展会在英国泰特的回顾,艺术收藏家和作家的Pernilla霍姆斯写道:“斯宾塞经常跨越作为一个古朴的村庄无辜,密不可分英格兰小城镇。 ”是这真正的艺术家的反思生活和他的作品吗?在这篇论文中,我从我的研究得出自己的结论。
第一章 - 斯宾塞在校
第二章 - 斯宾塞战争
斯宾塞在第一次世界大战期间在皇家陆军医疗部队在博福特医院,布里斯托尔有秩序的从1915年7月入伍。在1916年8月,他被派往马其顿之前,在1917年8月加入步兵。在战争期间,他的社会现实主义的画作带回家战争的后果。当第二次世界大战开始于1939年, 47岁的画家委托战争艺术家咨询委员会造船油漆场景,利特高的院子里,格拉斯哥港,以提高国家的士气。
第三章 - 斯宾塞在爱
对于一个男人已经被贴上了“村无辜的' ,他的感情生活几乎是超现实的。他结过两次婚,一旦到一个女同志谁把他扔了他的房子,生活与她的情人。在他的第二次婚姻,他与艺术家达芙妮查尔顿的有了外遇,而留在她(丈夫的)房子。斯宾塞的关系是肯定和有趣的洞察他的作品: “他的发现的性别,他希尔达卡莱恩,他花心的愿望帕特里夏·普里斯,他从希尔达的离婚,他感觉可怕的损失超过希尔达,他帕特里夏的隔阂,他的亲戚的婚姻贫穷和无家可归(无家可归者) - 所有这些沉淀的一种危机意识。 “斯宾塞总是意味着他的人画的肖像,是耐人寻味的,怎么看他的眼光不仅改变了他的恋人,但也他自己。
第四章 - 斯宾塞宫
斯坦利斯宾塞CBE爵士RA提问。 D.利特。于1959年去世,但在此之前他的生活庆祝了各种荣誉,最重要的是他的爵位。这并没有改变他的个性和报道,最喜欢的梦想家: “...... Spencer是英国也有很大的偏心时,他被授以爵位太后,他拿了一瓶牛奶和一些Tate&Lyle的方糖茶叶与他在一个塑料袋。 “这一章将着眼于斯宾塞认为他的公共。
第五章 - 斯宾塞:村无辜或前卫的天才吗?
我将在三年期间计划完成这篇论文。期一会的时候,我花了采购的标的物。这将发生在图书馆,美术馆,在互联网上一趟斯宾塞的家位于Cookham村(斯坦利斯宾塞博物馆) 。整理数据后,我将走上期间两个,这将涉及到阅读尽可能多的信息尽可能票据分拣到相应的章节。最后期限将被实际撰写论文,直到我很高兴,我可以回答这个问题。
艾莉森简[ ED ] (1991 )斯坦利斯宾塞:爱艺术图书国际神化
贝尔,基思(1993 )斯坦利斯宾塞:哈里N.艾布拉姆斯的作品一个完整的产品目录
战争Faber和法贝尔纵梁,理查德·斯坦利斯宾塞( 1978年)
基督徒,约翰[ ED ] (1998)最后的浪漫主义者:在英国艺术的浪漫传统 - 伯恩 - 琼斯以赤柱斯宾塞隆德汉弗莱斯
库珀( 1994年) ,艾曼纽性别视角:同性恋和艺术在过去100年在西劳特利奇
GLEW ,阿德里安(2001)斯坦利·斯宾塞,信件,著作,
高夫(2006年) ,保罗斯坦利斯宾塞:西游Burghclere桑瑟姆的公司
豪瑟(2001) ,吉蒂斯坦利斯宾塞普林斯顿大学出版社
海曼,蒂莫西·赖特,帕特里克· [ EDS ] (2001)赤柱斯宾塞大老出版
小弗兰克帕特里齐奥A. (1994 )拉票克莱德斯坦利斯宾塞船厂格拉斯哥博物馆
洛夫特豪斯,理查德· A. (2005)现代艺术生机ç 1900年至1950年:奥托·迪克斯,斯坦利斯宾塞,最大贝克曼和雅各布爱泼斯坦埃德温·梅伦出版社
普赖尔,威廉[ ED ] ( 2006)位于Cookham和Gwen :完整的对应关系斯坦利斯宾塞爵士和Gwen Raverat的清除出版社有限公司
罗伯茨, Miquette (2001)赤柱斯宾塞 - 教师泰特出版的注意事项
罗森斯坦,约翰爵士[ ED ] (1979 )斯坦利斯宾塞人:通讯与回忆埃列克
斯宾塞,赤柱(1983 ) à查托和温达斯Almanack查托和温达斯
艾莉森·托马斯和威尔考克斯,蒂莫西· [ EDS ] (1999)希尔达卡莱恩:真正的StanleySpencer夫人隆德汉弗莱斯
Wilenski ,雷金纳德·霍华德(1951)斯坦利斯宾塞:复活图片菲比